Patrick Macklem is an emeritus professor of law at the University of Toronto. He holds law degrees from Harvard University and the University of Toronto and an undergraduate degree from McGill University. Professor Macklem is the former William C Graham Professor of Law and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He served as law clerk for Chief Justice Brian Dickson of the Supreme Court of Canada and as constitutional advisor to the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Professor Macklem is a respected constitutional law expert and a long-standing author and general editor of Canadian Constitutional Law. In addition to this title, he authored and co-edited several books and published numerous articles on constitutional law, labour law, Indigenous peoples and the law, and human rights.